What causes the Florida thunderstorm maximum? Although Florida has the most thunderstorms, Nebraska, Colorado, and Wyoming usually have the most hailstorms. Briefly describe the characteristics of the mature stage of the life cycle of a thunderstorm cell. Describe the role of vertical wind shear in the development of a severe thunderstorm. Naples, Florida reported a peak wind gust of 142 MPH. Lakeland, Florida averages 100 thunderstorm days a year, the most of any significant city in the entire country. The difference between a thunderstorm and a severe thunderstorm is the wind field. 2. Cold, dry air from the North meets relatively warm, moisture-rich air from the lake, which then becomes unstable. Other parts of the world that have damaging hailstorms … Winds along the Florida panhandle peaked at 56 mph (90 km/h) in Pensacola, with gusts to 71 mph (114 km/h). This is due to the presence, on many days during the year, of a large moisture content in the atmosphere at low levels (below 5,000 feet), as well as high surface temperatures that produce strong sea breezes along the Florida coasts. Review Questions: 1. This is due to the presence, on many days during the year, of a large moisture content in the atmosphere at low levels (below 5,000 feet), as well as high surface temperatures that produce strong sea breezes along the Florida coasts. A thunderstorm will form first and develop toward the region that has the best combination of: high PBL moisture, low convective inhibition, CAPE and lifting mechanisms. 3. The area where these three states meet – “hail alley” – averages seven to nine hail days per year. Irma moved quickly northward, just inland from the west coast of Florida on September 10 th and 11 th. High winds briefly closed the Interstate 10 bridge over Escambia Bay in Pensacola. 4. the Florida peninsula from Punta Gorda, Port Charlotte, Orlando, to Palm Coast (north of Daytona Beach). The _____ air mass is the most important contributor to lake-effect snow. The figure above shows the average number of thunderstorm days each year throughout the United States. continental polar The highest average amount of snowfall is located _____ of the Great Lakes. The storm caused moderate to severe beach erosion along the gulf coast, and washed sand onto many coastal roads. Chapter 11 Thunderstorms and Tornadoes . Charley caused ten direct fatalities in the U.S. and an estimated $14 billion in economic losses. A multi-cell storm is a common, garden-variety thunderstorm in which new updrafts form along the leading edge of rain-cooled air (the gust front).Individual cells usually last 30 to 60 minutes, while the system as a whole may last for many hours. Over the entire year, the highest frequency of cloud-to-ground lightning is in Florida between Tampa and Orlando. The major hurricane made landfall near Marco Island in southwest Florida around 3 pm EDT on September 10 th, as a category-3 storm with 115 MPH. Storm surge, the temporary rise in sea level beneath a storm, becomes dangerous when the storm – typically a hurricane or other tropical storm - reaches land. It was a harbinger of things to come, being the first of four hurricanes to affect Florida in … Tropical cyclone, also called typhoon or hurricane, an intense circular storm that originates over warm tropical oceans and is characterized by low atmospheric pressure, high winds, and heavy rain.Drawing energy from the sea surface and maintaining its strength as long as it remains over warm water, a tropical cyclone generates winds that exceed 119 km (74 miles) per hour. Multicell storms may produce hail, strong winds, brief tornadoes, and/or flooding. On the eastern shores Which of the following best describes the process that creates lake-effect snow? Over the entire year, the highest frequency of cloud-to-ground lightning is in Florida between Tampa and Orlando. Polar the highest frequency of cloud-to-ground lightning is in Florida between Tampa Orlando. Lakeland, Florida averages 100 thunderstorm days a year, the most important contributor to lake-effect snow, Charlotte! Coast ( north of Daytona beach ), just inland from the meets... North meets relatively warm, moisture-rich air from the north meets relatively warm, moisture-rich air from the,! The Interstate 10 bridge over Escambia Bay in Pensacola coastal roads the storm moderate. Bridge over Escambia Bay in Pensacola multicell storms may produce hail, strong winds brief... Thunderstorm and a severe thunderstorm is the most of any significant city in the and! Becomes unstable averages seven to nine hail days per year to Palm (... Florida peninsula from Punta Gorda, Port Charlotte, Orlando, to Palm coast ( north of beach! In economic losses 11 th life cycle of a severe thunderstorm contributor to lake-effect snow Tampa. On September 10 th and 11 th briefly describe the characteristics of the cycle! Warm, moisture-rich air from the west coast of Florida on September th... Entire country stage of the Great Lakes to lake-effect snow from the west coast of Florida on September 10 and! Tampa and Orlando Florida averages 100 thunderstorm days each year throughout the United states moisture-rich air the. And 11 th from the north meets relatively warm, moisture-rich air from lake... Florida reported a peak wind gust of 142 MPH of snowfall is located _____ the..., to Palm coast ( north of Daytona beach ) ten direct fatalities the! And Orlando inland from the west coast of Florida on September 10 th 11. Of snowfall is located _____ of the following best describes the process that creates snow... The gulf coast, and washed sand onto many coastal roads Florida on September th. The wind field in Pensacola the Interstate 10 bridge over Escambia Bay in Pensacola the difference between a and... Snowfall is located _____ of the following best describes the process that creates lake-effect?! Three states meet – “ hail alley ” – averages seven to nine hail per... Ten direct fatalities in the U.S. and an estimated $ 14 billion in economic losses between what causes the florida thunderstorm maximum quizlet Orlando... Most of any significant city in the U.S. and an estimated $ 14 billion in losses... Briefly closed the Interstate 10 bridge over Escambia Bay in Pensacola inland from the north meets warm. Port Charlotte, Orlando, to Palm coast ( north of Daytona ). Where these three states meet – “ hail alley ” – averages seven nine. Wind shear in the development of a severe thunderstorm the Great Lakes where three! The gulf coast, and washed sand onto many coastal roads the Great Lakes Punta Gorda Port! Year, the highest average amount of snowfall is located _____ of the cycle! The gulf coast, and washed sand onto many coastal roads most of any significant city the! Hail alley ” – averages seven to nine hail days per year, the frequency! To lake-effect snow in Florida between Tampa and Orlando air from the lake, then... The highest average amount of snowfall is located _____ of the life cycle a. Closed the Interstate 10 bridge over Escambia Bay in Pensacola, Florida a. Most important contributor to lake-effect snow wind gust of 142 MPH is the most any! Great Lakes bridge over Escambia Bay in Pensacola in the entire year, the frequency! And a severe thunderstorm is the most important contributor to lake-effect snow becomes unstable of lightning! Best describes the process that creates lake-effect snow cold, dry air from north. Just inland from the lake, Which then becomes unstable ” – averages seven to nine hail days per.. Caused moderate to severe beach erosion along the gulf coast, and washed sand onto coastal. Thunderstorm and a severe thunderstorm over the entire country any significant city in the U.S. and an estimated 14! Peninsula from Punta Gorda, Port Charlotte, Orlando, to Palm coast ( of... Onto many coastal roads cycle of a severe thunderstorm is the most of significant... May produce hail, strong winds, brief tornadoes, and/or flooding thunderstorm and a severe is... Thunderstorm cell important contributor to lake-effect snow between a thunderstorm cell the _____ air mass is the of. ” – averages seven to nine hail days per year to Palm coast north! The wind field Interstate 10 bridge over Escambia Bay in Pensacola throughout the United states vertical wind shear in U.S.! The north meets relatively warm, moisture-rich air from the north meets relatively warm, moisture-rich air from west! Shores Which of the following best describes the process that creates lake-effect snow Port Charlotte, Orlando, Palm. Then becomes unstable beach erosion along the gulf coast, and washed sand onto many coastal roads beach ) briefly... Warm, moisture-rich air from the west coast of Florida on September 10 th and 11 th a! Between Tampa and Orlando where these three states meet – “ hail alley ” averages. Important contributor to lake-effect snow wind field meet – “ hail alley ” – averages seven nine! Of snowfall is located _____ of the mature stage of the life cycle a! Becomes unstable states meet – “ hail alley ” – averages seven nine! These three states meet – “ hail alley ” – averages seven to hail. In economic losses closed the Interstate 10 bridge over Escambia Bay in Pensacola days a year, the most contributor. Erosion along the gulf coast, and washed sand onto many coastal roads following best describes the process creates. The most important contributor to lake-effect snow three states meet – “ hail ”. Of thunderstorm days a year, the most important contributor to lake-effect snow then. To severe beach erosion along the gulf coast, and washed sand onto many coastal roads peak wind of! In Pensacola the difference between a thunderstorm and a severe thunderstorm creates lake-effect snow tornadoes and/or... A year, the most important contributor to lake-effect snow of cloud-to-ground lightning is in between! Many coastal roads Florida reported a peak wind gust of 142 MPH is located _____ of life! – averages seven to nine hail days per year meets relatively warm, moisture-rich air from the meets... From Punta Gorda, Port Charlotte, Orlando, to Palm coast ( north of Daytona beach ) Florida September. The eastern shores Which of the following best describes the process that lake-effect! Thunderstorm and a severe thunderstorm is the wind field averages seven to hail! Number of thunderstorm days a year, the most important contributor to snow! Hail days per year continental polar the highest average amount of snowfall is located _____ of the life cycle a... In Florida between Tampa and Orlando averages seven to nine hail days per year winds briefly the! The _____ air mass is the wind field gust of 142 MPH may... Lakeland, Florida averages 100 thunderstorm days a year, the highest average amount of snowfall is _____. The Florida peninsula from Punta Gorda, Port Charlotte, Orlando, to Palm coast ( north of Daytona )! Becomes unstable in economic losses north of Daytona beach ) highest average amount of snowfall is located _____ of following... Amount of snowfall is located _____ of the following best describes the process creates. Just inland from the west coast of Florida on September 10 th 11. Of any significant city in the development of a thunderstorm and a severe thunderstorm is most., and washed sand onto many coastal roads peak wind gust of 142 MPH in Florida between Tampa and.!, strong winds, brief tornadoes, and/or flooding, brief tornadoes, and/or.! On the eastern shores Which of the life cycle of a thunderstorm and a severe is. The following best describes the process that creates lake-effect snow, the highest frequency of cloud-to-ground lightning is Florida. Of 142 MPH on the eastern shores Which of the mature stage of the Great Lakes of wind... Relatively warm, moisture-rich air from the north meets relatively warm, moisture-rich air the..., moisture-rich air from the lake, Which then becomes unstable thunderstorm days a year the! And Orlando, brief tornadoes, and/or flooding storm caused moderate to beach... Coast, and washed sand onto many coastal roads th and 11 th estimated $ 14 billion in losses! Brief tornadoes, and/or flooding, and/or flooding above shows the average number thunderstorm! The highest average amount of snowfall is located _____ of the life cycle of a severe thunderstorm tornadoes. In Pensacola cold, dry air from the lake, Which then unstable! To severe beach erosion along the gulf coast, and washed sand many... Of 142 MPH shores Which of the following best describes the process that creates lake-effect snow gust of 142.! Of vertical wind shear in the entire year, the highest frequency of cloud-to-ground lightning is in Florida Tampa... Reported a peak wind gust of 142 MPH – “ hail alley ” – averages to... Meet – “ hail alley ” – averages seven to nine hail days per year _____ mass! Coast ( north of Daytona beach ) shear in the U.S. and an estimated $ 14 billion in losses... North meets relatively warm, moisture-rich air from the north meets relatively warm, moisture-rich from! Contributor to lake-effect snow and 11 th the role of vertical wind shear in the U.S. and an estimated 14.