31. By 30 Jun 44, the 27th Hosp Cen had been developed, including 4 General, 2 Station, and 1 Field Hospital with an aggregate bed capacity of 3,650, which was increased to 8,930 by Oct 44, and further expanded to 9,502 by spring of 45. Most of them reveal: 1. locations of ships 2. movements of ships from one place to another 3. weather that ships encountered 4. signals and orders Less commonly they can reveal: 1. tasks performed and carried out by ships’ companies 2. disciplinary action carried out on board 3. loss of or damages to stores on board Medical officers’ journals (see section 6) are the logs most likely to contain information on individuals. 18 Feb 44 – WDGO 26 dated 30 Mar 44, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Larkspur’, ex-Bridgeport, built 1901 (former troopship) – 10 knots – 592 patients – Charleston > United Kingdom 31 Aug 44 – 209th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 11 Feb 46) Hospital Ships could also carry medical supplies and personnel outbound from the United States, without violating international conventions. A US Army Base (Base “G”) was set up at Hollandia, western New Guinea in mid-44 primarily to prepare and support future operations in the Philippines. The Solace later participated in the following Pacific campaigns: Gilbert and Marshall Islands, the Marianas, the Western Caroline Islands, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa. Her career was however not over, she was re-converted to a transport ship reverting to her old name ‘USAT Saturnia’ and was used to bring back troops and war brides from Europe to the United States. Most casualties were taken to Southampton (jointly used by American and British forces). At the beginning of WW2 and during the gradual build-up of United States Forces in the British Isles, transatlantic evacuation from the United Kingdom back to the ZI was still an unresolved issue. 23 Feb 44 – WDGO 40 dated 17 May 44, us Army Hospital Ship ’USAHS Wisteria‘, ex-William Osler, built 1943 (former Liberty ship) – 11 knots – 588 patients – New York > United Kingdom 16 Jul 44 – 219th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 22 Jul 46) Shuttles ran between Cherbourg and Southampton. It later returned to the Palau Islands (Peleliu), and also took part in the Okinawa and Iwo Jima campaigns. PBS (Peninsular Base Section) 883d Medical Collecting Company Ambulances bring in their patients for evacuation by Hospital Ship, from Leghorn to Naples. After discussions, meetings, and lobbying from both services (Army and Navy) and based on an analysis of the various military operations, the Chiefs of Staff reviewed their initial decision and now authorized the Army to develop its own fleet of 24 Hospital Ships, with a total capacity of approximately 17,000 patients (most of them were converted from either passenger or cargo vessels, or from freighters or Liberty ships, and some even from troopships). 15 more would sail for overseas in 1944, and another 6 would join the Hospital fleet in the first half of 1945; additional planning had contemplated the building of 13 additional ships by 31 December 1943, and 6 more by December 1944, unfortunately the timeframe was never met! 11 Sep 43 – WDGO 65 dated 9 Oct 43, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Algonquin’, built 1926 (former East coast passenger ship) – 15 knots – 454 patients – New Orleans > N. Africa 2 Feb 44 – 203d Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 11 Jan 46) After May 1945 (V-E Day), patients tagged for quick return home were transported to the 1st General Hospital at Paris, airlifted to the Embarkation Hospitals at Cherbourg and Marseille for return to the United States by sea. AH-8 Mercy, Navy-operated Hospital Ship with a 400-bed capacity. Commissioned 30 Dec 42 – US Navy Evacuation Transport APH-3 ‘USS Rixey’, ex-Alcoa Cruiser, C 2-S1-A1 hull built in 1941 – 18 knots – San Francisco > Pacific 12 Feb 43 (decommissioned 27 Mar 46). There was a fifth vessel, the “St. Patient Capacity – 194 Litter, 228 Ambulatory. In spring of 1943, The Surgeon General again requested Hospital Ships for evacuation purposes (not to be used as floating hospitals, like the Navy did), and after thorough deliberation, this resulted in a decision to convert two smaller Troopships, the ‘USS Acadia’ (first used as an “Ambulance” Ship in December 1942) and the ‘USS Seminole’ to Hospital Ships, and to register them under the Geneva Convention. As information and photographs are supplied to The Korean War Educator, we will be adding to this page of information. It must be noted that the first 3 US Navy-operated Hospital Ships ONLY served in the Pacific, and none of these was ever engaged in Europe! During the American Civil War (1861-1865), it continuously sailed the Mississippi River treating almost 3,000 patients from both sides. They represented a total accommodation for 16,755 hospital patients. Some of the Medical Hospital Ship Platoons not only served aboard Hospital Ships, but were also involved with providing medical support on board Army and Navy Troopships. Centaur . Operations at Berrichid ended on 15 August 1943, when the PW camp was closed. Julien” which struck a mine on June 7, and was thus unable to take part in the operation. 13 Feb 45 – WDGO 62 dated 26 Jul 45, US Army Hospital Ship ’USAHS Republic‘, built 1907 (former transoceanic passenger ship) – 12 knots – 1,242 patients – New Orleans > Southwest Pacific 4 Sep 45 – 234th Med Hosp Ship Co – taken over from the Navy for conversion into a Hospital Ship, the vessel never completed a single trip as a Hospital Ship (decommissioned 11 Feb 46, while en route to Manila, GC markings were painted out, and the “Republic” again became a troopship). Second Boer War. In total 29 Hospital Ships had been authorized for the Army during WW2, but only 24 were in service when the war ended. 15 Canadian General Hospital (narrative) No. This list may not reflect recent changes ( learn more ). Commissioned 1 March 44 – US Navy Hospital Ship AH-10 ‘USS Samaritan’, ex-Chaumont, built 1920 (former troopship) – 14 ½ knots – 394 patients – Seattle > Pacific 8 Mar 44 (decommissioned 29 Aug 46) As a result of these problems, the Joint Chiefs of Staff decided to procure only 3 Army Hospital Ships (General Dwight D. Eisenhower initially had requested 5 ships by April 43). View of British Hospital Carrier “Prague”, during one of its cross-Channel evacuation runs. This information is made available under a Creative Commons BY-NC licence. In addition to this, the Navy, which initially did not plan to operate Hospital Ships under the Geneva Convention, had 15 Hospital Ships at the Inter-service misunderstandings and rivalry, as well as incomplete specifications, and endless discussions, not only delayed the project, moreover it was even given a low priority! This is the USNS Comfort next to a Nimitz-class supercarrier, the biggest war ship in the world. Commissioned 28 Jan 45 – US Navy Hospital Ship AH-18 ‘USS Rescue’,ex-Saint John, built 1932 (former passenger ship) – 20 knots – 792 patients – New York > Pacific 6 Jun 45 (decommissioned 29 Apr 46) Personnel chart showing the organization of a Medical Hospital Ship Company, as per T/O 8-537 dated April 1, 1942. Prescriptions, balance, mortar and pestle, graduates, pharmacy, centrifuge, microscope, incubator, refrigerator, dental equipment, laboratory equipment, typewriters, safes, tables, chairs, washing machines, laundry equipment, medical library, drugs, dressings, linen, pajamas, food trays, hot plates, ward cases, bed cradles, medicine cabinets, were all available, except motor vehicles. List of hospital ships sunk in World War II From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Hospital … T/O 8-534 dated 21 December 1942 was drafted to cover Medical Hospital Ship Platoons (Separate) authorizing a personnel force of 7 Officers – 20 Nurses – 1 Warrant Officer – 60 Enlisted personnel, i.e. In March 1944, as the number of transatlantic evacuees increased due to the expansion of American Forces and the drive to clear Hospital beds before the planned D-Day operation, the Army obtained temporary WD permission to embark non-ambulatory patients on Troop Transports. In total 29 Hospital Ships had been authorized for the Army during WW2, but only 24 were in service when the war ended. Interior view of the surgical ward of the USAHS Shamrock. Medical personnel and part of the crew were on board and helped treat casualties during the attack. Four (4) British Hospital Carriers were on loan to the US Navy from Great Britain. Most ships were converted passenger liners and cargo or troop ships. This also applied to the ‘USAHS Armin W. Leuschner’, ex-Willard A. Holbrook, built in 1921, and about to be reconverted and refitted at Mobile, Alabama. Hospital Ships were painted overall white, with large red crosses, and their hull received a broad green stripe. 8 May 43 – WDGO 27 dated 3 Jun 43, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Seminole’, built 1925 (former East coast passenger ship) – 14 knots – 454 patients – New York > N. Africa 20 Sep 43 (decommissioned 7 Jan 46) Partial view of one of the medical wards aboard the AH-11 Refuge, former passenger vessel converted to a 626-bed Hospital Ship operated by the Navy. As stated before, the problem was that in mid-1942, Hospital Ships simply did not exist! 2 Mar 44 – WDGO 42 dated 27 May 44, US Army Hospital Ship ’USAHS Emily H. M. Weder‘,ex-President Buchanan, built 1920 (former transoceanic passenger ship) – 13 knots – 738 patients – New York > Italy 12 Jul 44 – 211th Med Hosp Ship Co – named after Army Nurse (decommissioned 18 Dec 45) Seventeenth century. There was still some apprehension however; indeed the LSTs had no Geneva Convention protection! Nevertheless LSTs continued to evacuate patients the first two months of fighting in Normandy transporting them to England. In June 1804, a small vessel, in fact a 6-foot ketch named ‘Intrepid’ was fitted as a floating Hospital to receive sick and wounded for medical treatment. Commissioned 22 May 45 – US Navy Hospital Ship AH-15 ‘USS Consolation’, ex-Marine Walrus, C 4-B2 freighter hull completed as a Hospital Ship in 1944 – 18 knots – 800 patients – Norfolk > Pacific 14 Jul 45 (also used for service in Korea, decommissioned 30 Dec 55) The USS Comfort, AH-6 (21 Jun 44 – 19 Apr 46) arrives at Hollandia, New Guinea, Dec 44. Personnel – 5 officers, 5 Nurses, 49 Enlisted Men An amended T/O 8-534 was introduced in 1944, allowing for separate Medical Hospital Ship Platoons consisting of 25, 50, 75, 100, 250, and 500-bed units, with manpower strength varying from approximately 1 Officer & 4 EM (25-bed unit) to 6 Officers & 45 EM (500-bed unit). Discover artworks, explore venues and meet artists. In total, the US Navy would operate a fleet of 15 Hospital Ships, and 3 Ambulance Ships. On 7 December 1943, a new version T/O & E 8-537T was published and  redesignated Medical Hospital Ship Complement. Colonel Clifford H. Arnold, MC, was ordered to organize the ship’s medical complement. The 24 US Army-operated Hospital Ships made their first journey to the transatlantic Theaters in 1943, later, some were transferred to the Pacific, while others were decommissioned, no longer being needed for evacuation of patients from the European Theater. Non-transportable patients were sent to the holding units of the 28th Field and 46th Field Hospitals in Southampton. At daybreak, German bombers finally made their appearance and began to bomb the British ships involved in … nominate this memorial for inclusion on the National Heritage List for England, Help update these details if the condition is wrong, This memorial is not currently listed. The very FIRST Army Hospital Ship to sail on its maiden trip, was bound for North Africa, it was the ‘USAHS Acadia’ (sent to Boston for conversion May 29, 1942) which departed on June 5, 1943, to be followed by the ‘USAHS Shamrock’ (departed 4 Sep 43) and the ‘USAHS Seminole’ (departed 20 Sep 43), all with the same destination. Precious time had however been lost, and as refitting and commissioning went slow (it took 4 months to receive authorization to partially convert a single ship), the first US Army Hospital Ship only reached British waters a short time before the Normandy Invasion. After extensive refitting and shakedown, the ship left San Diego with destination the Pacific Theater, where it took part in the WW2 numerous campaigns. They also served for evacuation of patients from forward to rear bases in the MTO and PTO Theaters. Making it law that 0.7% of GDP must be spent on overseas aid was a manifesto promise of all three main political parties in 2010. Transfers from shore took place by landing craft to the carriers’ own small ‘water’ ambulances (small landing craft). At the end of June 1945, 332 Medical Hospital Ship Platoons were in service –ed). An updated version of T/O & E 8-537 followed 3 March 1945. Russian Civil War. The British relied on Hospital Trains to transport the wounded from the wharves to the transit hospitals, whereas the Americans mainly used ambulances for the first stage of land evacuation. 12 Officers – 35 Nurses – 1 Warrant Officer – 1 Master Sergeant – 1 First Sergeant – 3 Technical Sergeants – 3 Staff Sergeants – 3 Sergeants – 1 Corporal – and 87 Technicians, i.e. The Hospital Carriers, converted British ferries or coastal steamers, were equally painted white with large Red Crosses (for Geneva Convention protection). 16 May 44 – WDGO 61 dated 1 Aug 44, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Charles A. Stafford’, ex-Siboney, built 1918 (former East coast passenger ship) – 16 knots – 706 patients – New York > United Kingdom 21 Sep 44 (decommissioned 2 Nov 46) Featuring 250,000 artworks by over 45,000 artists. According to T/O 8-537 dated April 1, 1942 a Hospital Ship Company consisted of 48 Officers and 99 EM (initially designated Medical Hospital Ship Company, and later changed to Complement), i.e. this line of trees is dedicated to/ the following hospital ships and carriers sunk by enemy action/ in world war two/ and the merchant navy, ramc and qaimns personnel, / and their patients who were lost with them/ and in other such vessels as a result of enemy attack/ [the following arranged in columns] 'maid of kent' bombed 21 may 1940 dieppe harbour/ 'brighton' bombed 24 may 1940 dieppe quay/ 'paris' … The ship participated in many of the Pacific campaigns during World War 2. Commissioned 23 Mar 44 – US Navy Hospital Ship AH-9 ‘USS Bountiful’, ex-Henderson, built 1917 (former troopship) – 12 knots – 477 patients – San Francisco > Pacific 1 Apr 44 (decommissioned 13 Sep 46) The ship was returned to the Italian Government late 1946. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator. Voyage assignments were made by the Chief of Transportation in accordance with reports and lists of patients awaiting evacuation, and estimates of casualties likely to result from impending military operations. The Hospital Ships ordered by the Army (officially designated: US Army Hospital Ship > USAHS), and allowed by the Joint Chiefs of Staff only became available end 1943; they were Army-controlled, but Navy-built, commanded, and operated and were all earmarked for service in the different Theaters (only the medical staff was Army personnel)! A US Hospital Ship arrives at Charleston, South Carolina, with a load of patients evacuated from overseas Theaters. These ships were returning from Gothenburg." 24 Feb 44 – WDGO 35 dated 25 Apr 44, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Marigold’, ex-President Fillmore, built 1920 (former transoceanic passenger ship) – 12 knots – 758 patients – Charleston > Italy 19 Jul 44 – 212th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 22 Jul 46) 19 Sep 44 – WDGO 2 dated 5 Jan 45, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Louis A. Milne’, ex-Lewis Luckenbach, built 1919 (former cargo ship) – 12 knots – 952 patients – Boston > United Kingdom 19 Mar 45 – 200th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 22 Aug 46) Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Army, World War, 1939-1945, USAHS St Olaf, USAHS Larkspur, USAHS Acadia, Military Medicine, World War II, Hospital ships -- United States, World War, 1939-1945 -- … At Southampton, the Casualty Reception Center operated with the help of the 93d Medical Gas Treatment Battalion (CO > Colonel Joseph W. Palmer, MC), supported by elements of its own organic companies, as well as 1 Medical Sanitary and 2 Motor Ambulance Companies. by Larson, Harold cre. Between August 1942 and December 1943, the European Theater sent 7,800 patients to the United States by sea. This record comprises all information held by IWM’s War Memorials Register for this memorial. After the Battle of the Bulge, and the new and final offensive against Germany, extra patients began overcrowding many Hospitals placing a strain on personnel and bed capacity. As more fixed hospital beds became available with the fall of Marseille and Toulon, evacuation out of France became less necessary. Four British Hospital Carriers helped evacuate casualties from the American D-Day beaches. 12, it was active at Omaha Beach from 7 June, and sailed for Southampton on 8 June with 150 patients) The boat sank after it was bombed in a Japanese air strike during World War … 24 Feb 44 – WDGO 51 dated 19 Jun 44, US Army Hospital Ship ’USAHS St. Olaf‘, built 1942 (former Liberty ship) – 11 knots – 586 patients – New York > United Kingdom 12 Aug 44 – 217th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 28 Dec 45) Edit source History Talk (0) Comments … She reached San Francisco 8 June 1945 where she docked for a number of months to allow for repairs. Covered ramp to waiting Hospital Ship. The HMS Hood, pride of the British Navy. By downloading any images or embedding any media, you agree to the terms and conditions of the IWM Non Commercial Licence, including your use of the attribution statement specified by IWM. Since there were not enough ships to carry all the wounded, American and British authorities negotiated and secured a total of 7 Hospital Carriers and 2 Hospital Ships for the cross-Channel run. The British Navy during WW2 operated 41 Hospital ships. They operated with British crews under the British Ministry of Transportation, and in 3 cases, with US Army medical complements on board (some were increased by adding extra personnel from the Auxiliary Surgical Teams and Hospital Trains). In addition to this, the Navy, which initially did not plan to operate Hospital Ships under the Geneva Convention, had 15 Hospital Ships at the end of the war. One such particular case took place in North Africa. The Officer made his last trip on the USAHS “Acadia” before resuming his duties as CO of the 233d Medical Hospital Ship Complement, some time around May-June 1945. Inside view of LST deck modified to hold litter patients. 15 Canadian General Hospital; No. Another change was the beginning of air evacuation on D+7 which greatly reduced the need for Hospital Ships! It was briefly put into operation for a transatlantic crossing to Algeria (North Africa) course of April 1944, and made two more trips to Europe, traveling to Belfast and Liverpool in June and July 1944. The USS Refuge departed for Southern France in August and together with Army Hospital Ships shuttled patients from St. Tropez Bay to Naples, Italy. The Francis Y. Slanger had a bed capacity of 1,628 patients and a speed of 19 knots, it left New York P/E on 30 Jun 45 with destination the United Kingdom. a total numberof 88. More efforts were now aimed at obtaining additional transatlantic hospital-type accommodations, including enlarging troop capacity of ‘Queen Mary’ and ‘Queen Elizabeth’ liners, and converting 6 additional Troopships to Ambulance vessels. 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