By fusing the information provided with education and research, these platforms offer experience, expertise and information touching on adapting to environmental changes. ICTs have also been utilized in coming up with impact models, that have been used by decision makers and practitioners in making predictions on the agricultural effects of the climate change. Examples of systems for which vulnerability assessments are performed include, but are not limited to, information technology systems, energy supply systems, water supply systems, transportation systems, and communication systems. This can emerge to be a productive approach forward in looking to strengthen the link between ICTs and the resilience in developing countries. Stockholm, Stockholm County, Sweden. Perform security vulnerability assessments. Such flows of information play significant roles in the transfer of technology into the developing countries. Governing infrastructure networks for a low carbon. This has happened in a space of less than ten years, all with the aim of achieving better efficiency. The Environmental Vulnerability Index is a measurement devised by the South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission, the United Nations Environment Program and others to characterize the relative severity of various types of environmental issues suffered by 243 enumerated individual nations and other geographies. For instance, environmental modelling software as well as grid computing has been of assistance in the awareness of how the ecosystems function as well as the environmental complexities. 11. Generally, the environmental systems are made up of terrestrial and aquatic categories. The reason for using indices for this purpose is to provide a rapid and standardised method for characterising vulnerability in an overall sense, and identifying issues that may need to be addressed within each of the three pillars of sustainability, namely environmental, economic and social aspects of a country’s development. Recognizing this challenge, the government of China, has recently come up with the ‘China Motor Systems Energy Conservation Program’ which would assist in meeting the targets of energy efficiency (McKane et al., 2003). Tools of ICT that can be employed in these developing countries include remote sensing, telemetric systems among others. Vulnerability in Nigeria: A national-level assessment. Bugs 2. ICT environmental managers know the green ICT legal framework, understand the role of the ICT network configurations in the economy and energy resources deployment and evaluate the impact of CO2 footprint of each ICT resource in the organisation’s network. GIS Development aids the governments and communities in the developing countries to enhance their management capabilities, policies and productivity through facilitation of knowledge transfer. The Middle Income Trap, Environmental Vulnerability and Sovereign Debt Sustainability The Case of a SIDS (Cape Verde Islands) Intergovernmental Group of Experts on Financing for Development ... • ICT Development index – 4th in Africa (Mauricias, Seychelles, South Africa) A host of important environmental aspects have been identified whereby ICT could be used and as such enhance environmental sustainability. Offering early warnings as well as monitoring of events that are induced by climate change, such as tsunami or drought, plays a very significant role. Software that is already infected with virus 4. ICTs can support the relevance of the RABIT framework in Tanzania. For example, one important tool in the environmental planning is the Environmental Impact Assessment (Hayes & Rajao, 2011). The International Telecommunications Union has argued that the monitoring systems which use ICTs could be created to predict the effect of the manmade and natural disasters in developing as well as developed countries. By involving ICT, I mean incorporating various databases of details of the causes, consequences, and possible solutions to the issues affecting the environment. In order to fulfill the aim a literature review of existing Life cycle assessment (LCA) studies done on ICT was carried out, an LCA case study of traditional and online media products was performed, a methodological framework for The Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI) is an indicators-based method which has been developed in partnership by SOPAC, UNEP, Ireland, Italy, New Zealand, and Norway in collaboration with the Alliance of Small Island Developing States (AOSIS), Small Island Developing States (SIDS) institutions and experts. *You can also browse our support articles here >. Communities, particularly those most vulnerable, are vital to people-centred early warningsystems. Vulnerability is the weaknesses in a computer system, in a set of procedures, or in anything that leaves information exposed or simply put It is a cyber security term that refers to a flaw in a system that can leave it open for attacks. For example, ICT has been applied in monitoring the deforestation of the Amazon forest in Brazil; satellite imagery is used in identifying deforestation and this is then mapped on a geographic information system (GIS). Environmental Vulnerability. And the effect that ICT technology has on that issue is no different. Climate Change and Vulnerability, pp. As such, environmental information which has been picked by observing and has been evaluated by using the technology happens to be relevant in the decision-making, planning and formulation of policies. In aggregate, using ICT to carry out environmental studies is associated with a host of economic and scientific benefits as well as having a political implication. By observing how vulnerable the rural communities in developing countries are, Tyler & Fajber (2009) observed the significance of having information access. A vulnerability index for the natural environment, the basis of all human welfare, has been developed by the South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and their partners. Even countries with a good current state of their environment can be highly vulnerable to future damage. Develop environmental policy. This implies that a careful planning on how to integrate ICT in environmental sustainability practices of the developing countries is highly important. 37-41. (2004). This is due to the observation that ICTs could have both positive and negative roles with regards to the environment. Use of broken algorithms 10. Some of the scientific benefits have been shown to be enhanced multidisciplinary studies. ICT plays significant role in environmental studies as it offers an unprecedented capability to collecting and processing environmental data; environmental observation through tools such as remote sensing, telemetric systems among others; mitigating climate change through activities such as developing ‘smart grid’ in China and India; easing environmental pressure through environmental modelling software as … These approaches are critical to our efforts at environmental management, but are insufficient on their own to ensure a sustainable future. Environmental management now occurs within countries in response to individual development projects and at a global scale through international agreements. Similarly, radio communication which was popular in Tanzania where landline infrastructure was non-existent has increasingly been replaced by mobile telephony (Balijepalli et al., 2010). The International Telecommunications Union, a specialized agency of the United Nations, has made the affirmation that the existing increasing concern about life on planet earth is heavily influenced by the impact of humans on the environment, particularly natural environment (Schwabach, 2006). The natural environment is unequivocally the life support system for all human endeavours. The results of the vulnerability scans help inform management and computing device administrators of known and potential vulnerabilities on so those vulnerabilities can … Potential effects are varied and may contribute to an increase in vulnerability and the frequency and intensity of natural hazards. The ICT-enabled activities under PreventionWeb include tools for exchanging information. The terrestrial component is made up of forests, grasslands, mountains and so forth whereas the aquatic components is made up of marine, freshwater, wetlands and so forth. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. How IT can cut carbon emissions. ICT environmental managers know the green ICT legal framework, understand the role of the ICT network configurations in the economy and energy resources deployment and evaluate the impact of CO2 footprint of each ICT resource in the organisation’s network. WHAT IS ENVIRONMENTAL VULNERABILITY? The scale of entire countries is appropriate because it is the one at which major decisions affecting the environment in terms of policies, economics and social and cultural behaviours are made. Moreover, ICT has been demonstrated to be complex and multifaceted, and its environmental impact could both be beneficial or adverse. Finally, the role of one of the most effective tool on field of information communication technology (ICT) known as remote sensing and Geographic Information Systems has been surveyed. The concept of vulnerability has been used to describe the susceptibility of physical, biotic, and social systems to harm or hazard. It is common for forest rangers to go to areas showing deforestation activity from the satellite imagery received in combination with Global Positioning System (GPS), and then take necessary action to prevent further deforestation activity. A number of studies such as Patt & Schrotter (2008) exist showing how ICT can assist in mitigating against climate change. Adejuwon, J.O. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Moreover, ICT has been identified as a significant tool for carrying out empirical studies relating to environmental issues. and Pradeep, Y. For instance, initiatives include using geographical information system in Lake Victoria of East Africa, to offer support to the management of natural resources (Scheren et al., 2000). This has led to an improved energy efficiency level and has reduced the expansion rate of the coal-powered electricity plants. Being a medium for networking and information, it has been demonstrated that ICT has the capability of enabling citizens in the developing countries to adopt the role of environmental enforcement agents and alert the authorities to acts of environmental infringement. User-generated content was very minimal. Introduction . This shows that ICTs could be of assistance in this respect by, among other things, enhancing the communications between the different stakeholders in the collection of the environmental information. Job Description. Houghton (2009) as well as Minasyan (2006) observed that an intricate relationship exists between ICT and the environment. A vulnerability assessment is the process of identifying, quantifying, and prioritizing (or ranking) the vulnerabilities in a system. Geographic information systems offer significant opportunities in waterway and land management and monitoring in Africa, Himalayan region and South East Asia (Minasyan, 2006). In Environmental Challenges in the Mediterranean 2000-2050 (pp. The challenges in meeting the growing demands have been shown to be driving the investments in these developing countries towards solutions that present more energy efficiency. The costs involved in replacing the obsolete ICTs could be challenging to a poor country like Tanzania, especially if incurred on a large scale. As a conclusion, it has found IT Security refers to securing digital data through computer network security. Measuring the resilience of our planetary life-support systems, EVI = Environmental vulnerability index The platform also makes it possible to exchange views and experiences on developing and transferring technology. The TT:clear platform targets developing countries to consider the opportunities regarding technology transfer by assisting such countries gain an awareness of the available technologies. Developing countries face a host of challenges with regards to providing infrastructure as the economies grow. A second challenge in Tanzania is in the pace of change of ICTs. This index is designed to be used with economic and social vulnerability indices to provide insights into the processes that can negatively influence the sustainable development of countries. The index was developed through consultation and collaboration with countries, institutions and experts across the globe. Moreover, in developing countries where the internet penetration is low, radio calls and mobile telephones could be applied in reporting environmental degradation activities and for facilitating community mobilization to confront such activities. The Barbados Programme of Action (BPoA), Section C5 Vulnerability Index (paragraphs 113 and 114) called for the development of vulnerability indices and other indicators that reflect the status of small island developing states and integrate ecological fragility and economic vulnerability. 6th Sep 2017 ICT Environmental Manager . Balijepalli, V.M., Khaparde, S.A., Gupta, R.P. End-user Device and Server Vulnerability Scanning and Threat Mitigation - IT Resources used to access, transmit and store sensitive data will be periodically scanned to verify they are free of vulnerabilities and up to date with all software versions and patches. Data from this GIS has been identified to have been very instrumental in effecting policy changes in Brazil, which have included crafting, implementing and enforcing legislations for controlling deforestation, and gazetting more protected areas. ICT can be used for environmental observation in the developing countries (Houghton, 2009). 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