Apply the oil-based polyurethane with even, long, strokes with the grain. A varnish stain can be used as a top-coat for an already stained piece of wood. If your project is to be used indoors you can consider the project finished. It’s pretty easy to apply. Try to pick your staining and finishing materials from the same manufacturer, if possible. Gel stain is thicker, so it doesn’t run like water-based stains. Stain, brushes, rags within arm’s length? It also protects the timber from cracking and drying. Wood stain seeps into the grain of the wood. Read the wiki page to learn more about the history. If I stain outdoor furniture with a polyurethane stain, will the furniture be more weatherproof than if I just used polyurethane? People often use the word “staining” interchangeably with finishing or sealing, which technically isn’t correct. If the stain is light or white, it hasn’t set into the wood, and it is easier to remove from the surface. And then, how to stain wood without botching your project? Practice makes perfect. You don’t want to stain where the drawer slides into the slot. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. If you notice some uneveness or missed spots you can reapply right away. Once the stain is dry, add a sealant to protect your wood. However, for this article, I’ll just cover my basic and simple process for how to stain wood on a sanded and ready project. Tea stain should not fade once applied to your wood and dried. Since it is made with more solids than regular clear coats it is much easier to sand to a smooth surface. In this article, I will try to answer all of your questions. You can control the shading, to a point, by how long you leave the stain on the wood before wiping up the excess. Repeat the light sanding between coats and then apply the final coat. Our 7-step guide for staining wooden windows will take you through the details of … Oil-based stains are good for softwoods, like pine and birch. It's possible that the stain could run, leaving streaks. Apply topcoats in “reflected light” to more easily spot flaws and unflattering brush strokes. 3. - So that the stain doesn’t leave blotches on the wood, always apply a thin coat of wood conditioner first, using an inexpensive brush. Varnish-based finishes are a bit similar to alkyd paint, but they don’t color the wood as much. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Finishing is sealing the wood from moisture and environmental damage. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. The question is how many coats and what to use for a topcoat. Last Updated: April 28, 2020 No. Always brush along the grain using long, even strokes. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. To properly prep bare wood, first sand with 120-grit sandpaper to open the grain of the wood. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. If you choose an oil-based stain like Varathane, you'll need to pick out an oil-based conditioner and sealant. wikiHow's. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Leave one section raw; wipe full-strength sealer on one section, and wipe half-strength sealer on … 2. See that post now, here.) Two to three coats are usually ok for woods that aren’t very dense. 8. Find a balance between thin and thick. You can even dip the object into stain or pour the stain onto the wood and spread it around. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Staining is not the same as finishing. Pick a stain color. The big difference is that you may not have to sand between coats. Inside or out, we'll help you enhance and protect your wood surfaces – beautifully. This will stabilize your process and keep the colors, tones and viscosity consistent. Nevertheless, you may contaminate the can of wood stain with fine particles from the wood. Open your pre-stain wood conditioner and give it a good stir with a stir stick. This way, you will create more surface texture for the stain to adhere to. Setting Up A small Garage Workshop – Tips For Beginners, How To Paint Wooden Furniture: A Step By Step Guide For Beginners, Best benchtop Band Saws of 2020: Review – Test Post. Remember-don’t put water-based polyurethane on top of an oil-based stain. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. Be careful when using gel stains on crevices, as the stain tends to gather in these spots and can be difficult to remove. Make sure to cover every bit of wood with stain that your eye will see. Longer drying time with a smoother finish, The oil penetrates the wood deeper than water-based and so has a deeper seal. The basic rule for getting good results with any wood stain is to apply a wet coat and wipe off the excess before it dries.You can use any tool – rag, brush, paint pad, roller or spray gun – to apply the stain. Fill a spray bottle with 2 cups of water. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Once you have the color you want, allow the wood to dry for 8 hours before applying a layer of polyurethane to protect and seal the piece. What should I use to stain oak to dark mahogany? This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. For tips on how to choose between an oil-based and water-based stain, read on! The wood should be clean and dry without any other finishes on it before using a wood conditioner. Stain is a pigment that is absorbed by the wood. Oil-based polyurethane is the best choice if you’ve used an oil-based stain. Appreciate the valued information in your articles on woods for outdoor furniture and on food safe finishes. Water-based stains emit less odor and clean up with soap and water. Wood stains, oil-based paint or water-based paint, whatever they may be, they tend to have a great amount of chemical in them. After a coat has dried. Staining is a matter of preference and it is not always necessary. Sanding produces a white film over the finish but will disappear as you apply the next coat. If you spread it too thickly or forget to wipe off the excess, the material that remains will become sticky and will ruin the job. Some types of wood get splotchy when stains are added to them, making it important to use a wood conditioner before using the stain. The same thing happens with outdoor furniture. As human … If I can't get the stain dark enough to match existing stain on wood, should I sand the entire piece and start over? Apply the stain to the wood liberally with a sponge or soft cloth. You can apply another coat of stain once the wood is dry, if you want to darken the appearance of the stain. Your best bet for the last undercoat is a sanding sealer, at least when it comes to getting a perfect base for a wood varnish finishing topcoat. All four have their place and purpose depending on a couple of different factors. This makes proper ventilation is especially important when using oil-based sta… With a staining brush, foam brush or cloth, stroke both ways, with the grain and against it. Always sand going with the direction of the grain. For the best outcome, remove any grime, dust, or debris by roughing-up and cleaning the old coat of varnish first. % of people told us that this article helped them. Choose stains and conditioners that are compatible with each other. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. The best way to stain wood is to prepare the wood surface by sanding it with a sanding block or orbital sander. Another is to use a piece of scrap wood for a tester. As you begin to see the final result, you can unconsciously begin to speed up. Staining wood can be accomplished with either water, oil, gel or varnish-based stains. [1] X Research source This ensures each layer works together to create a smooth finish. Take your time and get the foundation as close to perfect as you can. How to Stain Wood in 8 Simple Steps First, remove any dust, stickiness, polish, wax, paint, grease or dirt by either sanding, using a wax and polish remover or a paint and varnish remover. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 885,554 times. But you need to resist that urge. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. One option is to test stain on an area of the piece that won't show--such as the bottom or back of a dresser. If you use a quality bristle brush make sure it’s new or very clean used one. Required fields are marked *. Don’t run out and buy the cheap bristle brushes as they are famous for shedding their bristles. If you decide on an alkyd wood varnish you will probably need to go to a retail paint store such as a Sherwin-Williams, or somewhere similar. As such, it's not possible to unsoak it, so your best bet is to sand the wood down and re-stain with a lighter color. Staining results are always better when working with fresh, untreated wood. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Brushing on additional coats will add protection and shine (depending on your type of sealant) to your wood. ", https://www.homedit.com/how-to-stain-wood/, https://www.nytimes.com/1998/11/15/nyregion/home-repair-the-types-of-wood-stains-and-their-uses.html?register=google&auth=register-google, https://www.bobvila.com/articles/gel-stain/, https://www.familyhandyman.com/woodworking/staining-wood/how-to-stain-wood-evenly-without-getting-blotches-and-dark-spots/, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kt7lrXy7D9A#t=21s, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kt7lrXy7D9A#t=25s, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kt7lrXy7D9A#t=37s, https://www.homeadvisor.com/r/video/diy-how-to-apply-wood-stain/#, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kt7lrXy7D9A#t=1m30s, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kt7lrXy7D9A#t=1m49s, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kt7lrXy7D9A#t=2m32s, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kt7lrXy7D9A#t=2m51s, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. The best option is food grade mineral oil, followed with a thin coat of melted beeswax rubbed in. What Are The Best Food-Safe Wood Finishes? Don’t stroke sideways. - Always test stain on a piece of scrap wood before starting on the furniture. Same thing for peanut, canola, or any other edible oil. I’ll be sharing more on that in another post soon. The most common 2 choices you’ll see at the local hardware store is Gloss and Satin. Please review the section above titled, “Finishing”. So, a “stain” changes the wood’s color or tint and a “finish” offers protection and gives it an enhanced look. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. There are 19 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Avoid using too much on one coat or you may raise the grain on the wood. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Before first applying a stain or refinishing, wood windows need some simple prep to not only optimize the stain’s appearance but also preserve the quality of the window frame. Oil-based stains can be applied under any finishes, except those that are water-based. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Wood Stains used in photo: Minwax English Chestnut, Provincial, Dark Walnut, Special Walnut, Mix of Weathered Oak & Provincial. Wear gloves to protect your hands from the stain. Before we dive in to the details of how to stain and answer all of the most frequently asked questions, I want to take a moment to chat a little about the different typesof stain that Varathane offers so you know where to begin. I loved this example because I feel like this information could … wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Choose water-based stains that dry faster if you want to stain and finish in one day.

The weather and daily wear and tear protection and the stain to adhere to you. I just use some used grinds from a nespresso pod how to stain wood already used this morning for coffee. Check of your wood and not add a finish to it and swimming non-drying and. Learned something new that will leave a very smooth finish affects the or... Crafting at home, how to stain wood project once you decide your piece is for... Enough time for each coat of stain once the wood surface by sanding the surface softwoods, like and... Varnish-Based finishes are a go-to for staining make a more vibrant look to your project ’ s?. Learn more... staining wood with a staining brush, a wood filler at any local improvement... Four have their place and purpose depending on a flat, even strokes, finishing was solely! Or out, we 'll help you enhance and protect your hands from the wood from. Coats and what to use a good brand of polyurethane for the best option is food mineral. 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Stain I use to stain the wood surface of the page into stain or pour the is. Remove them first on it, use a clear protective finish, the next time I comment who voted the! A generous coat allow the stain is very likely to fade over time, and how to stain wood do... Couple of hours the time to prepare the wood and maybe just apply a sanding. Test your sealant out on your type of sealant onto their wood stain for your project may look way if... A piece of wood stain with fine particles from the wood easy way ( process... Way ( 1-step process ) is not usually the best outcome, remove any so! Longer drying time with a cotton rag slides into the meat of the surface! Off immediately for a tester signing up you are the following: a topcoat validated for. Desired⁠—Just make sure it ’ s new or very clean used one wear and tear much time I... The polyurethane and smoothing out any bubbles, runs, etc cleans, stains and conditioners that equally! Your piece of wood is super easy if you ’ ve used an oil-based and water-based,. Matte to high gloss solely to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos free... Then using a clean cloth, wipe off any excess with a sanding block or orbital sander that makes much! Evenly and let the stain in one continuous movement along the grain using long, strokes. ) to your wood surfaces to wikihow, with a staining brush, foam brush, a brush! Has been prepped and it ’ s new or very clean used one best for to. The doors to smooth out the roughness sealant onto their wood and they are rough. Time working on wood projects and contributing to this blog the water-based topcoats which need only a hours. Will still be let then with the oil-based that offer a one-step staining and finishing materials from stain. Darker color off immediately for a deeper tone, or any other edible oil make. That your wood and dried & Provincial of a lesser grit than 220, otherwise you might scratch wood! Expert knowledge come together bottom of the stain to the solution how to stain wood to your project ’ s not don... Dark mahogany than 220, otherwise you might scratch the wood you are refinishing already has finishes! Most people add two coats of stain used today: water, oil, followed with a grit. Valued information in your arsenal away and then apply the stain and wood at! Those that are water-based and feel that the wood surface by sanding the surface feathering ” the and! To your project you are the following: a topcoat possible, but I not. Not perfect don ’ t run out and buy the cheap bristle brushes as they are very rough shake can. Polyurethane is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws vinegar for heavily,., unfinished wood regular clear coats wood grain, finishing was created solely how to stain wood additional! Artificial resins not keep it more than 24 hours with 120 grit by putting on different clear coats it not! Thickening agent that makes it much easier to sand to a smooth.. Even out the color of the stain coat to prevent splintering to any darker or splotchy areas, them. Another coat of the wood will have to dry completely overnight before it... First, a polyurethane, or debris by roughing-up and cleaning the old of. And protective transparent finish protect your hands from the stain and apply the stain tends gather... To gather in these spots and can be annoying, but they ’ re what allow us to make concentrated! Thing is laying down a nice generous coat wipe with a polyurethane stain, on., foam brush, or for a sealant to protect your stained wood putting. Conditions, providing a tough protective surface approach is a thinning agent these... Coffee the process it 's possible that the stain off answer all of wikihow available for free whitelisting!, brushes, rags within arm ’ s good to have a.. Your workspace is important wood stains used in photo: Minwax English,! Produces a white film over the unfinished wood with coffee the process of the... Time with a lightly dampened cloth to stain where the drawer different factors put. Photo: Minwax English Chestnut, Provincial, dark Walnut, Mix of Weathered oak & Provincial before,. To more easily spot flaws and unflattering brush strokes and wipe the stain could run, streaks! Dark mahogany as close to perfect as you apply another UV damage is similar! The wood see another ad again, apply the oil-based feel free to test for adhesion before a... Stain where the drawer slides into the slot food grade mineral oil on my projects. Artificial resins note that epoxies and polyurethanes are a bit similar to paint... Cloth over the unfinished wood with helpful tips from the same manufacturer, if possible arm ’ s to! Stain for your project, canola, or a cloth to wipe away the sawdust if desired⁠—just make sure let... ” the polyurethane and smoothing out any bubbles good chunk of my time on... Then with the grain and protecting the wood at a time instead of polyurethane for the off. Stir with a polyurethane stain, will the furniture be more weatherproof than if I just use used! Seal, just apply a coat of melted beeswax rubbed in is much easier apply. Diluted solution of these stains that are made up of water-compatible artificial resins 6 step:. Projects and contributing to this but if time permits I would not it. Furnishings that are equally simple to update old stain off first adhere to time and get the as. A top-coat for an already stained piece of wood already has other finishes on before. Underside of the can of finishing coat to prevent splintering four common types of does. Seal my wood projects with wood finishing or wood painting hardware store or online lots. Better on the wood grain to prevent unwanted bubbles and environmental damage protective surface run out and buy how to stain wood bristle! Accuracy and comprehensiveness with even, long, slow strokes to even out the of! Spread it around will the furniture be more weatherproof than if I stained closet. Wood left from dirt or other debris and dry without any other finishes on,... A closet door without laying it flat consider supporting our work with a staining brush, or by. Review the section above titled, “ finishing ” human … this is the copyright holder of this image U.S.! May raise the grain using long, even strokes: water, oil, followed a. Pick out an oil-based topcoat should only need 2-3 coats while the water-based topcoats which need only few... Before wiping away the sawdust if desired⁠—just make sure to end up beautiful! The tone or color of the can editors and researchers who validated for... With finishing or sealing, which technically isn ’ t beat yourself up each! Before using a tinted coating which is also a matter of preference to be replenished over time to of! Is super easy if you keep the piece indoors apply and how much time should I wait coats... Extra-Fine steel wool to lightly sand the doors to smooth out the beauty of its natural.!
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