Examples of Field Artillery in a Sentence, Images & Illustrations of Field Artillery. Field artillery was the standard support for infantry, using guns and howitzers firing shells weighing (typically) 15-35 pounds. In the middle years of the 19th century, smoothbore field artillery was placed at a disadvantage by the adoption of rifled small arms, which meant that infantry weapons could now outrange artillery. (a) A collective body of siege or field artillery, including the guns, and the carriages, ammunition, appurtenances, equipments, and persons necessary for working them. Definition of Field artillery. field artillery, field gun - movable artillery (other than antiaircraft) used by armies in the field (especially for direct support of front-line troops) four-pounder - an artillery gun that throws a shot weighing four pounds Field artillery definition is - artillery other than antiaircraft artillery used with armies in the field. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. That portion of the artillery which is used in the field. See more. The advantages of rifling were well known, but the technical difficulties of adapting the principle to heavy weapons were considerable. This listing includes field guns, howitzers, special artillery systems, railway guns, anti-aircraft guns, towable rocket projectors, fixed guns, and those systems with a limited self-propelled capability. 1. field artillery - movable artillery (other than antiaircraft) used by armies in the field (especially for direct support of front-line troops) field gun. Artillery, in military science, crew-served big guns, howitzers, or mortars having a calibre greater than that of small arms, or infantry weapons. 1 guns, cannon, howitzers, mortars, etc., of calibre greater than 20 mm 2 troops or military units specializing in using such guns 3 the science dealing with the use of guns 4 devices for discharging heavy missiles, such as catapults or slings The main functions in the field artillery system are: 1. Then, in the second half of the 19th century, there occurred a series of advances so brilliant as to render the artillery in use when the century closed probably 10 times as efficient as that which marked its opening. ‘tanks and heavy artillery’. 7. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Target acquisition: detect, identify and deduce the location of targets; 4. For three centuries after the perfection of cast-bronze cannon in the 16th century, few improvements were made in artillery pieces or their projectiles. Rocket launchers are also commonly categorized as artillery, since rockets perform much the same function as artillery projectiles, but the term artillery is more properly limited to large gun-type weapons using an exploding propellant charge to shoot a projectile along an unpowered trajectory. At the turn of the 15th century some of the guns of the city artillery began to be singled out for participation in field battles (Vorskla, 1399, and Grunwald, 1410). Noun. Artillery consists of large, powerful guns which are transported on wheels and used by an army. Heavy artillery definition, guns and howitzers of large caliber. Cannon became the general term for large ordnance. 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